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英语口语教学:棉签掏耳朵或有损听力

发布: 2017-01-09 21:55  来源:未知 编辑:admin 查看: 字体: [ ]

(单词翻译:双击或拖选)

难度:中高级

耳朵专家称用标签清理耳朵可能导致耳膜穿孔,气管损坏,使人抵抗力下降,容易感染。

Doctors are now telling us what grandparents have known for decades - don't stick anything smaller than your elbow into your ears. An organization of ear specialists in the USA, the American Academy of Otolaryngology, has said cleaning your ears with cotton buds (aka Q-tips) can cause long-lasting damage to your eardrums and hearing. Dr Jennifer Caudle told Yahoo Beauty that cotton buds seem harmless objects but can cause significant damage. She said: "I know people want to stick things in their ears and they think it’s the right thing to do, but [cotton buds] can cause holes in the eardrum, irritation in the canal, and can predispose you to getting infections."

 

The Academy has also recommended that people change their image of earwax and think of it as an essential substance to keep our ears healthy. Dr Seth Schwartz said: "There is an inclination for people to want to clean their ears because they believe earwax is an indication of uncleanliness. This misinformation leads to unsafe ear health habits." Doctors say our body produces earwax for a good reason. It does an essential job of cleaning out the ears, stopping them from drying out, and helping them to sweat naturally. It also protects the inner ears against bacteria, bugs, dirt and dust. Using cotton buds can push earwax further inside the ear and cause blockages, which can undo all the good work of earwax.

课前热身

1. COTTON BUDS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about cotton buds. Change partners often and share your findings.

2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?

       doctors / grandparents / elbows / ears / harmless / objects / damage / infections /
       image / earwax / healthy / misinformation / essential / sweat / bacteria / blockages

Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.

3. DOCTORS: Students A strongly believe our grandparents know more about health than doctors; Students B strongly believe doctors know best.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.

4. LOOKING AFTER: What dangers are there to these things? How can we look after them? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Dangers

How to look after them better

Ears

 

 

Eyes

 

 

Teeth

 

 

Heart

 

 

Hair

 

 

Brain

 

 


 

5. EAR: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "ear". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.

6. DANGERS: Rank these with your partner. Put the biggest dangers to ears at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • rock concerts
  • city noise
  • swimming
  • ear piercings
  • cotton buds
  • headphones
  • insects
  • bacteria

课后练习

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

Grandparents knew not to stick things smaller than elbows in our ears.    T / F

Cotton buds are also known as Q-tips.     T / F

A doctor said cotton buds look harmless but can cause a lot of damage.   T / F

A doctor said cotton buds could cause holes in the ear canals.     T / F\

An organization said we should change our image of earwax.     T / F

People tend to believe earwax is a sign of cleanliness.     T / F

Earwax causes our ears to dry out.     T /F

Cotton buds remove earwax and this avoids blockages in the ear.     T / F

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
cause
anything
right
known
infections
lasting
specialists
stick

Doctors are now telling us what grandparents have (1) ____________ for decades - don't stick (2) ____________ smaller than your elbow into your ears. An organization of ear (3) ____________ in the USA, the American Academy of Otolaryngology, has said cleaning your ears with cotton buds (aka Q-tips) can cause long-(4) ____________ damage to your eardrums and hearing. Dr Jennifer Caudle told Yahoo Beauty that cotton buds seem harmless objects but can (5) ____________ significant damage. She said: "I know people want to (6) ____________ things in their ears and they think it’s the (7) ____________ thing to do, but [cotton buds] can cause holes in the eardrum, irritation in the canal, and can predispose you to getting (8) ____________."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
essential
naturally
habits
recommended
undo
indication
dust
reason

The Academy has also (9) ____________ that people change their image of earwax and think of it as an (10) ____________ substance to keep our ears healthy. Dr Seth Schwartz said: "There is an inclination for people to want to clean their ears because they believe earwax is an (11) ____________ of uncleanliness. This misinformation leads to unsafe ear health (12) ____________." Doctors say our body produces earwax for a good (13) ____________. It does an essential job of cleaning out the ears, stopping them from drying out, and helping them to sweat (14) ____________. It also protects the inner ears against bacteria, bugs, dirt and (15) ____________. Using cotton buds can push earwax further inside the ear and cause blockages, which can (16) ____________ all the good work of earwax.

 

Comprehension questions

  1. How long have grandparents known about ear cleaning?
  2. What are cotton buds also known as?
  3. What did a doctor say cotton buds can seem?
  4. What can cotton buds cause holes in?
  5. What can using cotton buds predispose people to get?
  6. What did an academy recommend people change their image of?
  7. What do people think earwax is an indication of?
  8. What did doctors say the body produces earwax for?
  9. What does earwax protect the ear against besides bacteria and bugs?
  10. What does pushing earwax inside the ear cause?
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