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英语口语:易混淆的50组英语词汇(2)

发布: 2019-11-29 05:13  来源:未知 编辑:admin 查看: 字体: [ ]

(单词翻译:双击或拖选)

26. it, one

 

it同一物体

 

one同类不同一 I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one.

 

27. none, nothing, no one

 

none 强调有多少

 

nothing 指物

 

no one 强调有没有, 指人 --- How many…/How much…? --- None.

 

28. other, another

 

other后接名词复数

 

another后接名词单数 other students, another student

 

29. not a little, not a bit

 

not a little 非常

 

not a bit一点也不 I'm not a bit tired. 我一点儿也不累。

 

30. many, much, a lot of

 

many 和可数名词连用

 

much和不可数名词连用

 

a lot of 可数,不可数均可,但不用于否定句 I haven't many books.

 

31. happen, take place

 

happen偶然性的没有预料到的事情的发生

 

take place必然性的发生 Great changes have taken place in my hometown.

 

32. at, in (表地点)

 

at小地点

 

in大地点 arrive at a small village, arrive in Shanghai

 

33. increase to, increase by

 

increase to增长到…

 

increase by增长了…The number increased by 2,000 to 5,000.

 

34. since, for (完成时间状语)

 

since接点时间或一句话,for接一段时间 for three years, since 3:00

 

35. on earth, on the earth, in the earth

 

on earth在世上,在人间,到底,究竟,一点也不

 

on the earth在地上,在地球上

 

in the earth在地下,在泥土里

 

36. in the air, on the air, in the sky

 

in the air正在酝酿中

 

on the air播送,广播

 

in the sky在天空中 His show is on the air at 6:00 tonight.

 

37. through, across

 

through穿越空间

 

across在…上穿过

 

through the forest, across the desert

 

38. on the way, in the way

 

on the way在前往…的路上

 

in the way挡路The chair is in the way.

 

39. above, on, over

 

above在上面,不接触

 

on在上面,接触

 

over在正上方fly over the hill

 

40. until, not…until

 

until到…为止

 

not…until直到…才(常跟点动词连用)I waited until 3:00. He didn't come until 3:00.

 

41. besides, except, except for

 

besides除了…还(包括在内)

 

except除了(不包括在内)

 

except for整体…除了某一点以外The composition is good except for a few spelling mistakes.

 

42. whether, if

 

当"是否"解时,只有在宾语从句中二者可以互换,其余都用whether

 

当"如果"解时用if 。I don't know if/whether he will come. If he comes, I'll let you know.

 

43. because, since, as, for

 

原因由强到弱为:

 

because, since/as, for.

 

在句中的位置如下:

 

1)…because…2) Since/as…, … 3) …, for… Since I was ill, I didn't go.

 

44. when, as, while (表时间)

 

when从句动词点动词,持续性动词均可

 

as重在表示动作同时发生,伴随进行

 

while从句动词为持续性动词 While I slept, a thief broke in.

 

45. the same…as, the same…that

 

the same…as和…一样的(相似但不同一),

 

the same…that 同一物体 This is the same pen that I used yesterday. (同一支笔)

 

46. as well, as well as

 

as well也,常放于句末,和and连用表示既…又

 

as wellas并列连词,不但…而且… He is aprofessor, and a writer as well.

 

47. such…as, such…that

 

such…as像…样的

 

such…that如此…以至于 He is not such a fool as he looks like. He is such a good student that all the teachers like him.

 

48. in surprise, to one's surprise

 

in surprise惊奇地

 

to one's surprise使某人吃惊的是,

 

49. because, because of

 

because连词,连接两句话

 

because of介词短语,后接词或短语 He didn't go to school because of his illness.

 

50. in order that, in order to

 

in order that 表目的 后接句子

 

in order to后接动词原形 I got up early in order to catch the first bus. I got up early so that I could catch the first bus.

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