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医院英语:看病时会用到的15个英语表达

发布: 2016-10-27 21:47  来源:未知 编辑:admin 查看: 字体: [ ]

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15 English Phrases For The Doctor’s Office 看病时常用的15个英语表达

 

Phrases A Doctor Might Say:

医生可能会说的一些英语表达:

 

WE’LL NEED TO RUN SOME TESTS.” 我们需要做一些测试。

 

Tests are used to help diagnose (identify) the health problem. Some common tests are a blood test and a urine test. There are also scans such as an ultrasound (used for seeing internal organs; often used for pregnant women to see the baby) and X-rays (used for seeing the bones).

 

“THE TRANSPLANT WAS A SUCCESS. THERE WERE NO COMPLICATIONS.”移植手术很成功,没有出现异常。

 

A transplant is when one person (the donor) gives an organ to another person (the recipient). Some transplants, such as a kidney transplant, can be done when the donor is still alive. Others, such as heart and lung transplants, are done when the donor has recently died. When the donation is of blood, it is called a transfusion.

 

If there are complications during surgery, it means that things went wrong or unexpected things happened to make it more difficult. After a transplant, the recipient usually needs to take anti-rejection medication so that their body doesn’t reject the transplanted organ.

 

“I’D LIKE TO KEEP YOU HERE OVERNIGHT FOR OBSERVATION.” 我需要您住院过夜观察。

 

The doctor will say this if it’s necessary for you to stay in the hospital for a little while, so that the doctors and nurses can observe you and make sure you are OK. They might use a machine to monitor your vital signs – observe the rhythm of your heartbeat and breathing.

 

 

“WE HAVEN’T MADE A DIAGNOSIS YET, BUT WE’VE RULED OUT CANCER.” 我们还没有做出诊断,但已经排除是癌症的可能。

 

A diagnosis is the identification of the specific health problem. To rule out something means to eliminate it from consideration.

 

“DOES IT HURT WHEN I PRESS HERE?” 我按压这里的时疼吗?

 

If you have pain in your body, the doctor might press (apply pressure) on different places and ask you if you feel any pain at that particular point.

 

“I’M GOING TO PRESCRIBE YOU SOME ANTIBIOTICS.” 我会给你开些抗生素。

 

Some medication requires a doctor’s prescription (official note with permission) for you to get it. Antibiotics are used to treat infections.

 

“DO YOU HAVE ANY ALLERGIES?” 你对什么过敏吗?

 

If you have allergies, it means your body reacts badly to particular foods or medicines. You can respond to this question by saying “I’m allergic to…”

 

Phrases A Patient Might Say:

病人可能会说的话:

 

“I HAVE A RASH ON MY ARM, AND IT’S VERY ITCHY.” 我胳膊上起了皮症非常痒。

 

A rash is a red, irritated area on the surface of your skin. If it’s itchy, it means you feel an annoying sensation that makes you want to scratch it with your nails.

 

“I FEEL A SHARP PAIN WHEN I BEND MY KNEE.” 我膝盖弯曲时疼的很厉害。

 

A sharp pain is a strong, sudden pain. The opposite is a dull pain – a feeling that is weaker and more continuous.

 

“MY STOMACH HURTS AND I’VE LOST MY APPETITE.” 我肚子疼,也没有胃口。

 

To describe the pain you’re feeling, you can say “My + [body part] hurts.” If you’ve lost your appetite, it means you have no desire to eat.

 

“MY NECK IS STIFF AND SORE. I THINK I’VE PULLED A MUSCLE.”我的脖子僵硬,还感觉到疼痛,我想我可能拉伤肌肉了。

 

If a body part is stiff, it means that it has less ability to move than normal. The word sore means that it’s continuously painful, usually when you’ve used a muscle too much. We usually use “sore” for muscles and for a sore throat. To pull a muscle means to extend a muscle beyond the normal point, and injure it.

 

“WHAT ARE MY OPTIONS FOR TREATMENT?”那治疗方法有什么选择呢?

 

The word treatment refers to the methods for helping you get better from a health problem. Some diseases can be cured (completely eliminated from your body), and others cannot be cured, but their symptoms (signs and effects of the disease) can be treated (made better or more tolerable).

 

“AM I GOING TO NEED SURGERY?” 我需要做手术吗?

 

Surgery is when a doctor (called a surgeon) cuts open your body to make repairs on your insides. Surgery can also be called an operation. The verbs for the doctor doing this action are to operate or to perform surgery. We usually say that the patient has/had an operation or has/had surgery.

 

“I’D LIKE TO GET A SECOND OPINION.”我想再咨询其他医生的意见。

 

A second opinion is when you talk to a different doctor to see if he has a different opinion about your health problem or treatment options.

 

“THAT’S A RELIEF!” 听到你这么说我就放心了。

You can say this when the doctor gives you some good news! A relief is something that makes you happy after you were worried about it.

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